Your choices here boil down to supply efficiency. You've got to mine minerals and collect energy in order to power and build more advanced structures. In a nod to the Settlers, your colony works more productively when structures are linked together.
This version of The Space Game introduces "missions", assigning you specific goals to achieve on each map. There are dozens to complete, plus several difficulty settings to unlock, all making for a lengthy challenge.
The Space Game [Casual Collective]