Bioshock 2's Chief Creator Against A Tide Of Sceptics

Jordan Thomas has no overall map for Rapture. He doesn't have blueprints or a population figure. He works a little more by instinct.

Thomas is the creative director of Bioshock 2. He's got one of those dream gigs in games, overseeing a major release that has the budget and the ideas to be great, and one might even consider his job an easy one if you went by the logic that a sequel to hit video game like 2007's Bioshock makes Bioshock 2 a can't miss.

The problem is that Jordan Thomas is swimming against a current of doubt that Bioshock 2 can be great, can be creatively successful when, even on the eve of its release, past some pretty positive previews here on Kotaku, it can't shake the sense of being more a commercial project than an artful one. Such are most video games, of course, but Bioshock's faithful didn't want that to happen to their own and didn't cheer when Thomas's bosses much higher up on the executive level at publisher/developer Take-Two Interactive were talking in 2009 about Bioshock as a franchise that can spin five sequels just like - questionable example - Star Wars.

It's weird and welcome, then, that Jordan Thomas sounded nothing like a shill when he spoke to me last week about Bioshock 2. Instead he sounded like a man immersed in the craft of game creation almost incapable - this is praise - of talking in selling points.

"I'm more suited toward the potential in difficult problems rather than the divisive critical argument," he said as we began our interview discussing the wave of scepticism Bioshock 2 seemed to be up against. The 2007 original was beloved, a first-person shooter that drowned its player in the underwater failed art deco Utopia of Rapture, asking the player to make moral choices about the fate of half-living little girls called Little Sisters while strategically battling enemies, including the hulking Big Daddies with a diverse arsenal of direct and indirect tactics - plus being exposed to the limits of free will in a video game. That was game of the year material. Bioshock 2, a return to Rapture… this time YOU are the Big Daddy… this time there are Little Sisters and menacing BIG Sisters.

Thomas, who worked on the first game and is credited with conceiving its most positively received level, For Frolic, said he and his development teams genuinely sought to find "the soul of the thing." What's a Bioshock? They sought to identify the first game's values. "The two words that came to the fore were expressivity and immediacy," he said. The expressivity was all that choice, the options for the player to shoot a bed guy, toss fireballs at him, hack a turret that would take him out, electrify a puddle and then coax him to run into it, and so on. All that choice had immediate consequence, not just delayed pay-off, Thomas reasons.

Expressivity and immediacy in a shooter. Those don't sound like the values you chase if you're making a cash-in. What hooked people on the gameplay was something the Bioshock 2 team could build upon, Thomas said. Tactically, even more of a varied and specific arsenal could be made available. The upgrading of super-power plasmids, for example, would no longer just make the flame-tossing or electricity-zapping powers more powerful. These powers would change as they were upgraded.

"Take all of that logic and map it to story," Thomas said. "We found people responded well to shaping the story in a shooter." So, he decided, there could be even more choices to make regarding the fate of the Little Sisters and that of other characters encountered in the game world. Mindful that even the most fervent fans of the first Bioshock recognised that the game lost steam and ingenuity in its final act, Thomas said coyly of the sequel, "I want Act 3 to be about you and your choices."

Thomas works out of 2K Marin, one of four development teams on the sequel, compared to two, 2K Boston and 2K Australia, involved with the first. 2K Australia is back, and added are 2K China working on some artwork and Digital Extremes doing the game's Bioshock-prequel multiplayer. "It ends of being organs of a single body," Thomas said, deflecting a concern that too many cooks could be spoiling Rapture.

Early on, Bioshock 2 was more supernatural, Thomas explained. Then he pulled back on that. Instead the driving focus became presenting a more personal Bioshock, a goal Thomas strained to explain without giving away core plot elements. Thomas could almost be interpreted as saying "this time it's personal," the hoariest of sequel-hyping clichés, but he's not. There's a struggle that, without giving it away, is about family in the new game. It's a different hook.

Ask Thomas what made Fort Frolic so special and how to bring more of it to Bioshock 2 and he goes in another direction heartening to the fans of craft over commercialism. He praised that Bioshock 1 level for its "great script from Ken [Levine, Bioshock's chief visionary] " and its "unity of themes". It was a massive level of player exploring the mournful artwork of sculptor Sander Cohen and partially featured, Thomas' words, "balletic combat". Theatre is what it was. "I think much of Bioshock is theatrical," Thomas said. He said theatre takes advantage of an "economy of content," its few actors and elements of its set and, importantly its lights that showcase what matters and leave in blackness what doesn't. The player experiences a game set under a spotlight. And Thomas now thinks of his team as that beam brightening only what matters. "Thinking as a spotlight helps to focus the developer and not to waste anything. Shine it on the key idea of anything a player might do."

Thomas doesn't look ahead to Bioshocks 3, 4 and beyond, should they ever exist. "The speculation you're referring to is not something that has factored heavily into our development of Bioshock 2," he said when asked about those 2K executive hopes for more and more Bioshock. He can't even tell me what Rapture is like in the '80s, just over a decade past the single-player campaign of Bioshock 2, other than to suggest that Rapture in the '80s would be a topic for bad jokes.

Rapture is where Thomas wants to be, improving gameplay and compelling more choice from the player to shape the action and the story. "I can't think of anywhere else I'd want to be," he said. He had no final hype points to end his Kotaku interview. Asked for a final blurb or last details he wants to mention to readers out there, he instead offered this: "I supposed just that we are looking forward to what they feel about it. We genuinely believe Bioshock is more about asking questions than sending a message. We want to know what your answers."


    What is Alan Wake doing in that photo???

    I have to praise the dev team behind bioshock and it's vissionaries, almost every other action game is designed with the idea of making you feel like a bad ass, every game tries to do this.

    Not only is this game striving for a different tone but it seems that the emotion they are illiciting is substantial even existential. I would say that this is not just a good game but possibly an important game, this shouldn't be the exception. If there's one embarrassment of being a gamer is that the games are immature, but at the very least we have games like bioshock with a jolt of maturity.

    Will we actually get choice in this one? All through Bioshock, it kept alluding to choice but either taking those decisions out of the player's hands, or making those decisions we did get to make meaningless.

    I liked Bioshock enough to give the second one a go and I'm looking forward to it. But honestly, I would prefer the Half-Life style of brazen, cinematic linearity to linearity poorly veiled by fake freedom of choice.

      But that was the whole point wasn't it? To explore, on a metatextual level, the ideas of freedom and purpose within video games as a whole.

      Giving the player real choice would have been at odds with where the story went at the end of the 2nd act.

        If that was the purpose it was poorly executed because after the event you are talking about, you go back to how it was before it, simply with a different motivator.

        If the 3rd act was somehow more free, I could see the significance of the 2nd act as being what you did, but in light of the game remaining much the same beyond it I would consider it no more than the sting in the tail of most books or movies, the unexpected twist which isn't quite so unexpected these days.

    I was skeptical of this title initially as it felt much like a cash in more than anything else (although I suppose all games are).

    Then I was reminded that Jordan Thomas was responsible for "The Cradle" level in Thief 3 and I got more excited. I had no idea he was responsible for Fort Frolic in the original BioShock as well! That just gets me a little more excited.

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