A Video Game, Violence And Depression Study That Looks At The Big Picture

Over the past decade, countless studies have arisen supposedly proving a causal link between video games, violent behaviour and depression. A new study conducted by Christopher J. Ferguson pinpoints why all of the others may have gotten it wrong.

Video games cause violent behaviour. Video games don't cause violent behaviour. Video games cause depression. Video games combat depression. In the past year alone we've seen studies attempting to prove all of these points, but none of them have done what the new study from Texas A&M's Christopher J. Ferguson and colleagues' has done.

Using a sample of young men and women from three separate cultures - Mexican-American, English and Croatian - Ferguson and his team examined not only the effects violent video games and television programs had on violence and behaviour, but the effects the subjects' personality traits had on their behaviours as well.

Is violent media influencing young people negatively, or is it just their personality?

Ferguson's paper "Personality and media influences on violence and depression in a cross-national sample of young adults: Data from Mexican Americans, English and Croatians", published in the journal Computers in Human Behavior, begins by questioning the findings of studies that have come before it. If violent media causes youth violence, why has youth violence been on the decline over the past decade in most industrialised nations?

It's a question we've heard before, and one that pretty much remains unanswered, mainly because the only acceptable answer is that someone, somewhere, got something wrong.

Perhaps a study that finds playing violent video games increase aggressive behaviour is simply measuring the male gender's tendency towards aggression reflected in video game play. There's the possibility that, as some studies have suggested, that personality guides media preferences, and young adults with a personality tending towards trait aggressiveness will seek out entertainment that coincides with their personality. Perhaps choosing entertainment is an active process, and not a passive one.

Whatever the case, the full picture wasn't being taken into consideration, so that's what this new study did. The study sampled 232 Mexican-American young adults, 150 young people attending a London University, and 455 young Croatians, with each sample around 43 percent male.

Each subject was tested on the five-factor personality traits, openness, conscientiousness, extraversion, agreeableness and neuroticism, trait aggression, media violence exposure, tendency towards violent crime and depression.

Initially the findings did indicate that video game and television violence exposure was a positive predictor of violent crime among the Mexican American group, a small-yet-significant number not present in the English or Croatian groups. No relationship was discovered between violent media and depression.

Once personality features were factored into the equation, however, the correlation disappeared. Violent media did not predict violent acts any of the three samples, with the exception of the Croatians sample, in which video game violence exposure was related with reduced violence, and television violence indicated an increase.

Personality seems to be the best indicator of violence and depression overall. In Mexican Americans and Croatians trait aggression indicated violent acts, while in the English sample low agreeableness indicated the same. Neurotic personality traits were the best predictor of depression.

The strongest message to take from this study is this:

Although even the bivariate correlations between media violence and violent acts in our samples were very small, our results suggest that such small correlations can be understood through underlying personality variables such as trait aggressiveness, neuroticism and Agreeableness. As such, assuming a clear linear relationship, particularly of a causal nature, between media violence and violent acts may be mistaken. Unfortunately most prior research on media violence has failed to adequately consider intervening personality variables.

It all comes down to knowing the subjects of your study. It's easy to point to a teen getting into fights or shooting up a school and blame it on their video game habit, but until you truly know the person behind the behaviour you're simply jumping to conclusions to support the argument you stand behind.


Comments

    Thank God this stuff is finally being published.

      Thank science.

      You say that as if the ratings-whore media outlets that blow the connection to games out of all possible proportion will look at this study and apologise, retract all their hysterical bullshit and publish scientifically gathered evidence.

      The truth doesn't matter a bit to the arseholes who parrot this crap.

        It does matter to those of us in the field who appreciate the valid research. The truth always matters to me.

    I'm male, play video games, and am looking forward to picking up 'Kirby's Epic Yarn'. What does that make me, a eunuch?

      I wanna play Kirby's Epic Yarn too. And also Mario Galaxy 2 and Donkey Kong Country Returns (have to get another Wii). As a contrast, I'm playing Dead Space 2 at the moment, and will be importing Mortal Kombat. It doesnt make you any less of a man to play games without graphic violence! Makes a person more balanced I think! (except if you were playing Disneys Magical Adventure...)

    Of course choosing a game is an active roll! If a male has the choice between Disneys Magical Adventure or Mortal Kombat, what would he choose?

      I duno......maybe.....Millard's son?

      That depends, what does he like and how pressured is he to assert his masculinity?

    "Personality seems to be the best indicator of violence and depression overall."

    This is manifestly obvious, but I'm glad a report has finally suggested the causation lies with personality and not gaming.

    As in.. "assuming a clear linear relationship, particularly of a causal nature, between media violence and violent acts may be mistaken."

    1st Law of the Media - "Never let the truth get in the way of a good story"

    My happiness depends on my kill death ratio.. anyways, good article

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