Over the past few weeks, I’ve been playing the American-made visual novel, Katawa Shoujo. Like the name of the genre implies, there is a heavy emphasis on the story to the point where you’re almost reading as much as you would with a print novel.
In fact on one path through Katawa Shoujo, there are a grand total of 10 possible choices — 10 moments of player input in the entire game. Upon realising this, I began to question if visual novels are really games at all considering how little you do to affect what’s happening on the screen. Of course, Katawa Shoujo is far from the only game I’ve played with virtually no gameplay.
The first game that comes to mind is the 1996 sequel to Chrono Trigger, Radical Dreamers. Radical Dreamers has far less in the way of graphics than most visual novels (mainly due to the differences between what a PC and the Satellaview Super Famicon add-on can handle). While characters and backgrounds appear in every scene of most visual novels, in Radical Dreamers the screen is often black, save for the text. And yet compared to visual novels like Katawa Shoujo, it has a ton of choices due to the “chose your own adventure” battle system for the random encounters.
Star Trek: BorgStar Trek: Borg
Katawa Shoujo, Radical Dreamers, and Star Trek: Borg are all games I have greatly enjoyed. And even though any actual input on my part was minimal, I really felt like I had a major impact on the story each time. When it comes down to it, the only thing needed to make either a movie or novel into a game is a single interactive element — a single point where you, a person outside the game’s creation, can alter how it plays out. And while gameplay — even a single button click — is necessary for something to be a game, games like those above prove that story can do the heavy lifting and carry a game as well.