This is like a mindmap of the internet on a global scale. An anonymous researcher created a low level bot, hacking into the computers of almost half a million linux users across the globe, monitoring their internet usage.
As reported in this super cool Vice article, this kind of research is actually highly illegal. If the researcher was to be found, charged and prosecuted, a mass hacking of this scale could result in 50 consecutive life sentences. Basically, he or she would be imprisoned for life.
But it was surely worth it for the above life changing GIF!
Read the full story of how this whole image was created over at Vice. It's a brilliant read.