A solitary, silent majority of teenage girls plays video games: often alone, rarely online. When teenage girls do venture online to play games — and a fair chunk of them do, quite regularly — they usually don't speak.
That's how you go from a world where 59 per cent of all girls between 13 and 17 play video games to a world where teenage girls are assumed not to exist in public video game spaces.That's all according to a report titled "Teens, Technology, and Friendships," released earlier this month by the Pew Research Center. The chapter on video games celebrated the role that games play in many male friendships. I was struck, however, by the data about teenage girls.
Here are the numbers. Almost 60 per cent of the girls in the study (more than 1,000 teenagers of both sexes, surveyed last fall and this winter) say they play games on a computer, console, or mobile phone.
Of those girls, 47 per cent say they never play online. Another 27 per cent say they never even play with someone else in the same room. (You can't add those two numbers together. Some girls are in both groups.)
About a quarter of the girls who play video games do play online at least once a month. Unlike boys who play video games online, however, teenage girls tend to turn off their mics. Only 28 per cent of the girls who play video games online use voice chat to talk to other players. (More than 70 per cent of the teenage boys who play online talk — a lot, as I can attest after years of ethnographic study.)
These two numbers — only 28 per cent of the girls who play video games use voice chat, and only 25 per cent of the girls who play video games go online even once a month — are taken from two different samples in the study and can't be directly compared. So I asked Amanda Lenhart, one of the lead authors of the study, to crunch the numbers to find out what percentage of all teenage girls use voice chat while playing video games.
It's 9 per cent. Almost 60 per cent of all teenage girls play video games. Not even 10 per cent of teenage girls open their mouths and speak in public video game spaces.
The margins of error on these numbers are pretty high — between 6 and 9 per cent, depending on the sample — but they're all statistically significant. You can read the whole report and examine its methods here.
There are lots of reasons why girls might not want to talk while playing video games with other people online. Some of them are innocuous, and some of them are troubling. I don't want to speculate, because I want to stick to what we know from the research here.
I do want to head off one objection, however, which is the idea that teenage girls are playing different kinds of video games — Kim Kardashian: Hollywood on their phones in their bedrooms, say — and that's why they're playing silently and by themselves.
Pew didn't poll the teenagers in its study about what genres of video games they play. During focus groups about the poll, however, the teenage girls who were surveyed did not indicate that they stick mostly to mobile games, Lenhart said.
"That was not the case at all," she said. "I was surprised by the number of girls who played all kinds of games."
A study of 1,400 students between the 6th and 12th grades — mostly between the ages of 11 and 18 — found something similar: Teenage girls play all kinds of video games. The results of that study were announced by Rosalind Wiseman and Ashly Burch in March at this year's Game Developers Conference.
More than 35 per cent of the girls in the Wiseman and Burch study said they play role-playing games (a larger number than the 32 per cent who said they played mobile games). More than a quarter said they play first-person shooters. MOBAs, RTS's, platformers, sports games, and MMOs were played by more than 15 per cent of girls — in each category, not all together.
Equally striking, the teenage boys in the study said that the girls they knew played a wide variety of video games. Only 14 per cent of the boys in the study said that girls don't play video games at all.
So these girls are silent. But — at least to their friends and classmates — they're not invisible.
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