The Impossible Problem Of Where Minecraft Goes Next

It's been two years since Microsoft bought Minecraft, and the new owners are faced with a conundrum: what do you do with a game that is already a phenomenon? Illustration: Angelica Alzona

Complicating things further, Minecraft is now a seven-year old game. While lot of work has been put into keeping the game current, Minecraft is also beginning to show its age. Mojang developer Nathan Adams compared it to rebuilding the engines of a jet in the middle of a flight, because taking the game down to patch it just isn't an option. The tension at the heart of Minecraft heightens when you consider that the developers say difficulties associated with coding the blocky builder sometimes prevents them from adding features that the community wants, like a working API or a server browser.

I got a chance to suss out the future of Minecraft at last month's Minecon, where the community rubs elbows with the people who make Minecraft great. Obviously, that description includes the developers, but it also expands farther into the YouTubers who make hilarious videos, the modders who create new ways to play and the builders, who create wonderful worlds for others to enjoy as well.

This was at the forefront of my mind when I attended Minecon. Minecraft has always been a community-driven game, and I was curious how Mojang would handle that aspect of Minecraft's identity while also pushing the game into new frontiers.

I met with Saxs Persson, developer for the Pocket and Windows 10 editions of Minecraft, and Matt Booty, head of Minecraft, in nearby Marriott hotel. Persson was dressed casually, in a black shirt and jeans. He came off as enthusiastic, prone to geeking out about new tech or features. Booty on the other hand was dressed in a button-down and slacks, and came off as more reserved. They couldn't have chosen a better pair to represent Minecraft.

"We want everybody to play with everybody," Persson told me. "Minecraft is better when you can connect to your world wherever you with whatever device." Windows 10 and Pocket Edition players already enjoy cross-platform play, but Persson paints a picture of complete compatibility — console and Java and Win 10 players all connecting and enjoying Minecraft together. In his ideal world, you'd be able to log on to the same persistent server from your iPad, your computer and your console — a technical and legal hurdle that has been branched in part by games like Rocket League, but full connectivity across all platforms still seems like a lofty goal for Minecraft.

What's more, this idea seems to ignore that the various Minecraft editions floating around all have varying features, something that even the biggest Minecraft fan finds annoying. For example, MCPE is still missing The End, but at the same time it will get additions that Java won't see till later (or ever). Persson didn't specifically address version mismatches when I asked if feature parity was still a priority, but he also didn't seem concerned about potential version conflicts. "There's not a lot holding us back from connecting these versions, and parity is not the main goal," he said. There is no doubt that this kind of cross-platform play would be popular and welcomed, but I'm sceptical as to how it would actually work. I'm also not sure it's a feature that the community truly cares about.

Persson also enthused about "new input methodologies", specifically the Oculus Touch. Actually, VR played a big role in Minecon: The line to try it out was hours long throughout the entire event, and Mojang highlighted it often enough that VR seems to form a centrepiece for Minecraft's future plans.

Virtual reality is still an incredibly niche technology, and Minecraft's hallmark has always been its accessibility — you can run the game on pretty much any device. It's hard to understand how adding a style of play that requires a powerful computer or console and a pricey headset fits with the existing appeal of Minecraft. Community response to VR offerings is and always has been tepid at best, especially among veteran Minecraft players, who remember Notch's quarrel with Oculus in the past.

For now, most of the YouTubers and map makers and modders attached to Minecraft seem pretty happy with their current arrangement — Mojang is still very relaxed about letting people profit off of their game — but some are starting to see the writing on the wall. Long-time Minecraft YouTubers, such as skitscape and setosorcerer, have been moving on to other games or other careers. Map creators like Hypixel have had to adapt and often abandon single-player maps in favour of multiplayer ones, and the often-ignored mod community is starting to feel the strain of an ageing game. Each recent patch has created a new set of problems — a recent one, for example, made many large texture packs unusable, while a different patch made PvP unplayable for many. With add-ons and an API still a long way off, frustrations continue to mount for some fans.

Mojang's vision for the future of the game and the communities' vision have not always been in line, and you could see the effects of that fissure on the showfloor itself. When I asked how they chose the people that ended up on stage at Minecon — essentially receiving the Mojang stamp of approval — or heading up the panels, Persson and Booty were a little evasive. "There is an active curation [of exhibitors]," Booty said about the people that were invited to attend the event and present, "ranging from trying to stay true to Minecraft's indie roots to working with corporate partners and everything in between." This was an obvious nod to the big name partners like Mattel that were taking up large amounts of real estate on the expo floor. There were plenty of indie names and creators features, but their competition was fiercer. The Minecon docket was stacked with young, high energy personalities who curated an atmosphere of fun and excitement — the old guard, like Hypixel and other creators, were less well represented.

Persson and Booty still recognised, at least in part, the debt that they owed to the the community. "We ask that they come and meet their fans with open arms," Persson said, "as a true fan event, not just a primarily corporate one." Persson and the Mojang team seem eager to signal to their fans that they were still the focus of the event and of their efforts, and that the Microsoft buyout still doesn't indicate a change in direction or an abandonment of their core users. It was a necessary reminder, given that Minecraft's indie origins made some people deeply sceptical of Microsoft's purchase, and these same fans have remained guarded even as the company seeks to reassure them.

Regardless, the Mojang team has actually shown that they are listening to the community in some respects. Minecon saw the first full presentation of the add-on system, which allows players to tweak the behaviour and statistics of mobs at first, and will eventually allow wide modification of all entities. Players have been asking for something like this as far back as 2011.

"Add-ons are just the first step," Persson said, confirming that an application program interface, or API, was being co-developed — a feature that would make modding significantly easier. Persson admitted that two previous attempts at creating an API had failed, and that they had brought on the creators of Forge — a popular mod utility — to help them make this attempt stick. This may represent a serious commitment to developing an API, but those promises go back as far as 2009. The community remains sceptical after being burned so many times before.

Minecraft’s indie origins made some people deeply sceptical of Microsoft’s purchase.

It's also obvious that Microsoft has invested heavily in making Minecraft more than just a video game. Minecraft's developers preferred to use words like "platform", "tool" and "environment" instead of "game", and they were effusive about applications for research, education and machine learning. "At a high level, we want to maintain Minecraft as an innovation brand," Booty said when asked about his vision for the future of the game. It was a little hard to pin down exactly what they meant by this — it sounds like they want Minecraft to be all things to all people, which, while ambitious, sounds like a recipe for failure.

Despite the abundance of buzzwords, Mojang's description is a telling indication of Microsoft's concerns over their $US2.5 billion ($3.2 billion) investment. Minecraft is a completely unprecedented phenomenon, and so too is a massive buyout of an indie game by a major corporation. Minecraft has already conquered video games, so it seems natural that Microsoft and Mojang now want to create something that supersedes gaming.

Everyone I talked to at Minecon was excited about exactly one thing — meeting their heroes, whether that was one of the developers, a popular YouTuber or a modder. As far as the fans are concerned, the future of Minecraft will always be with the people who make the game great, not fancy technology. Mojang has loftier goals, though it's hard to say if VR and added connectivity truly hold the key to where Minecraft goes next. Then again, predicting the future is no easy task.


    I believe the Pocket edition to be the best version, the game lends itself to touch controls and portability so, so well.

    Microsoft was canny enough to strike while the iron was (still relatively) hot and I still think everybody under-estimated how good a move it was.

    The game, as the article says, is treated as a platform first and foremost however. My niece and nephew can't browse Youtube for Minecraft content without running into some machinima movie or actual mod that introduces adult themes at some point - that's not Minecraft the game anymore, that's someone else pivoting off Minecraft the platform to make naked Minecraft characters have sex with each other. Not exactly a value-add.

    The idea of a 'Minecraft 2.0' would best be centred around applying its core mechanics to other games. That's already happening with the likes of actual Lego games, Disney Infinity (kinda) and of course Dragon Quest Builders.

    When Microsoft purchased Minecraft, I thought "cool perhaps they'll use it as a gateway drug for getting kids into coding, like QBasic was when I was a kid".

    Can't say I've seen them make inroads into this. I mean that was just my perspective on the rationale for the purchase. Perhaps they just wanted to buy a loyal fanbase?

      Pretty sure there is coding stuff that schools can do with Minecraft.

    There has definitely been some work in this space with and the Hour of Code event this year...

    Easy, do the VR thing and work on.. Minecraft 2!!
    1) Add tides, wind, and sunshine to harness and power new devices.
    2) Make moving machines easier to build. Bikes, handgliders, sailboats, waterwheels, giant mechs.
    3) Bevel the surface blocks a bit, so riding a motorbike you built actually looks like it could drive over that hill.
    4) Ocean life!
    5) Trade with other players

    I played a bit of it recently after ages. It holds up and has lots of cool new stuff, but I find that the gameplay tends to be extremely long periods where you see enemies coming, they are easy to dispatch and so on - then suddenly BOOM you dead because you relaxed for a few seconds. The enemies and death tend to come suddenly and unexpectedly after hours of survival have lead you into a false sense of security. It gets a little annoying tbh.

    I'd love to see a sequel with more focus on the survival elements and dangers of the world, and have them more in your face than sneaking up on you. Maybe focus the player base around a village type thing with NPCs and every night the horde comes to batter your defences. Maybe special event attacks, borrowing back from Terraria. Perhaps locations that are enemy towns, dungeons, whatever that can spawn enemies at night unless destroyed. Player must use walls, NPC manned defences, traps, turrets.

    Also, more purpose for building rooms and defences and areas where NPCs might work. Create some more functional uses for the massive home base most players build. Perhaps even a system of workstations and rules that you can set up so NPCs can work for you, handle farming, feeding, production elements. A bit of Rimworld maybe.

    Also exploration. It would be cool for some rarer things to require questing. The flower needed for some cool thing only grows on the tallest mountain in the world. You must seek the Great Tree in the largest forest to get some other ingredient. Something like that. Perhaps more temples, lost cities, sunken treasure and a procedural system for generating a path to the end goal for these on different maps.

      Honestly that's why I stopped playing - once you've built your self-sufficient bunker you've effectively negated the survival element. Nothing poses a threat until you go looking for danger - and if you're careful, the danger is minimal. I always had more fun building in Minecraft than survival because it doesn't take much effort to survive. I think Terraria did it much better - your fortress wasn't impregnable and you had things to actually protect.

      I've played Minecraft since the early alphas, and to me it never felt finished. Everything felt like a half-implemented idea that never went anywhere. I'd only ever play it with mods these days.

        Honestly that's why I stopped playing - once you've built your self-sufficient bunker you've effectively negated the survival element.

        Yeah exactly. What if the world contained ever more dangerous biomes further out from where you spawn? What if temperature, rainfall played a proper role in the survival parts? I can think of a lot of ways to expand the survival game.

        I think Terraria did it much better - your fortress wasn't impregnable and you had things to actually protect.

        This is why I like the idea of having NPCs. You have to house them, entertain them, feed them and put them to work. They can also then take part in the defence strategy. And you have to protect them, as valuable assets.

        Everything felt like a half-implemented idea that never went anywhere. I'd only ever play it with mods these days.

        The mining part is the most complete part. But I have spent countless hours getting lost in massive cave systems and digging and digging... I'm a bit done with it. My NPCs should be able to mine, haul, build a road, cut down trees, go hunting, forage, farm. Stuff like that. I should have to maybe do all these things at the start, but once villagers arrive I can get them to do it and focus on a wider scope of managing the fortress, exploration, building.

        I think the next one should let you get past the pick, shovel and axe stage.

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