X-Men: Red Is Telling A Story About Racism For The Internet Age

X-Men: Red Is Telling A Story About Racism For The Internet Age

Even though the story of the X-Men began as a metaphor for the Civil Rights Movement and the importance of diversity, the series’ message about what racism looks like has always fallen somewhat short. X-Men: Red is trying to change that.

Jean Grey’s team of X-Men. Illustration: Mahmud Asrar, Rain Beredo (Marvel)

Because Marvel’s mutants exist in a world where people develop mutant-like super abilities literally all of the time, it’s somewhat odd to use them as a way to talk about the kinds of racism that real world minorities experience.

Interestingly, X-Men: Red, from writer Tom Taylor with illustrations by Mahmud Asrar and Rain Beredo, feels like the first step in addressing that weirdness – and in rethinking the ways that Marvel can and should be using mutants to tell more nuanced stories about discrimination that reflect the world we live in today.

X-Men: Red Is Telling A Story About Racism For The Internet Age

X-Men: Red (“The Hate Machine”) picks up soon after the events of Phoenix Resurrection: The Return Of Jean Grey, with Jean Grey’s newly formed team of X-Men on the run after Jean’s framed for murdering an ambassador at the United Nations.

As Jean has been trying to figure out who’s attempting to sabotage her grand mission to change the way the world sees mutants, her X-Men have gradually noticed a steady uptick in anti-mutant hate crimes committed by humans.

The specific reason behind the attacks doesn’t become clear until the X-Men find themselves in India on a mission to free a young technopath called Trinary, who’s being held prisoner by humans who want to use her powers to their own ends.

Of course, Jean and the X-Men’s siege on Trinary’s location is met with resistance from her captors, but the mutants are shocked when locals from the neighbourhood attack them and even more confused when Jean can’t telepathically force the humans to retreat.

The problem, Trinary explains after the X-Men spirit her away, is that Jean’s psychic abilities aren’t able to override the microscopic Sentinels that have embedded themselves into the humans’ amygdalae.

X-Men: Red Is Telling A Story About Racism For The Internet AgeTrinary explaining to Gabby and Nightcrawler that she can’t deactivate the Sentinites. (Illustration: Mahmud Asrar, Rain Beredo, Marvel)

Trinary explaining to Gabby and Nightcrawler that she can’t deactivate the Sentinites. Illustration: Mahmud Asrar, Rain Beredo (Marvel)

Unlike previous incarnations of Sentinels, the Sentinites are specifically designed to generate distrust and fear of mutants in baseline humans that manifests itself as hatred.

The Sentinites imbue an infected human with a regular Sentinel’s ability to detect mutants, but rather than attacking mutants with high-tech lasers, the human would suddenly be taken over with the desire to physically attack or kill them in more traditional ways.

If you didn’t know that a mob was infected with Sentinites, you wouldn’t necessarily interpret their attack on mutants as the doing of a supervillain, but perhaps just a group of garden variety racists. But the true insidiousness of the supervillain’s plan in this case is much more subtle than their torch-carrying pawns would suggest.

After successfully curing Storm of a Sentinite infection that almost causes her to kill herself, Trinary explains that the wave of attacks on mutants are playing into the conversations people are having on social media. Some see the attacks as the violent acts of bigotry that they are, while others see them as humans merely trying to defend their species.

As the number of attacks continue to grow, then, a feedback loop is created that, in theory, has the potential to embolden even people who aren’t infected to act on their racist beliefs.

X-Men: Red Is Telling A Story About Racism For The Internet AgeJean’s X-Men learning the true nature of the Sentinites. (Illustration: Mahmud Asrar, Rain Beredo, Marvel)

Jean’s X-Men learning the true nature of the Sentinites. Illustration: Mahmud Asrar, Rain Beredo (Marvel)

Obviously, X-Men: Red‘s iteration of the “mutant as minority” metaphor doesn’t exactly line up with the realities of our world. But it’s a marked evolution in the concept that has very real parallels to the shape that violence against marginalised people has taken in recent years.

It’s impossible see mobs of people carrying torches as they descend on mutants and not to be reminded of the white supremacists who marched through Charlottesville in 2017.

The idea that the humans in Marvel’s books could witness those attacks and not see them as blatant racism echos the ways in which footage of unarmed black people being gunned down in the streets by police does not typically lead to any sort of meaningful legal justice in the real world.

The evil that Jean’s X-Men are facing is specific to mutants within the content of the series, but narratively, it resonates as a story that is about any and all aspects of identity, be they race, gender or sexuality.

Of course, this story arc can’t go on forever. Jean and company will prevail and they will move on to their next big bad, but “The Hate Machine” is pulling the X-Men: Red into our present day in a way that says promising things about the series’ future.


  • X-men has always been about racism, it was just that they made the team white so that the main demographic at the time of publishing would take a second to think about it instead of just writing it off.

      • Obviously, that was the whole point. It was not meant to be in your face, just subtle enough to keep it from blowing up as a statement, while it being a constant meant thatit was something that most readers were forced to confront.

        So I am unsure of what you are getting at.

  • The race allegory would be an easier pill to take if they addressed the inherent danger in regards to the X-men. And even just bringing that up invites “it’s wrong to be fearful of blacks” and frankly, if they could summon hurricanes and shoot lasers out of their mind I fucking well might be.

    Deus Ex, the more recent entries into the series address racial divides, almost invoking images of apartheid and yet also addresses the inherent danger and threat capabilities of the persecuted people. This even spurs deeper into the terrorist groups that respond but their actions just exacerbate those fears, it’s multi-layered.

    But nope, more magical pixies with surface level understanding of society and social politics in attempts to ship comics to people who thrive on that body part that pulses when you tell someone off for cultural appropriation.

  • you know trinary was a criminal right? as in she was captured because she commited cyber crimes. she stole money from rich accounts and re-distributed to poor women because wage gap. More than that despite the apparent message it’s just not really well written enough for it to matter. at least in my opinion. Jean Grey wakes and and oh things haven’t gone the way she thought they would and now she’s going to do the exact same thing that’s been done before. build another mutant nation and so on.

    It’s just not a well executed comic with some very wierd and disturbing things going on. Trinary the thief that no one other than the hateful bad guys recognising as having done something wrong and a few other issues just mean that so far I haven’t been able to enjoy this series much.

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