Marvel’s Making One Of Its Most Racially-Problematic Characters Even More Complicated

Marvel’s Making One Of Its Most Racially-Problematic Characters Even More Complicated

Psylocke is one of Marvel Comics’ most instantly-recognisable characters across a variety of media, in large part because of the character’s distinct aesthetic that artists have developed for her over the past 40 years or so. Now, though, the psychic hero is majorly reinventing herself for the first time in decades in a way that illustrates how frozen in time and, frankly, racist a lot of her depictions have been in the past.

When you think “Psylocke”, you envision a scantily-clad Asian woman with a generally purple motif wielding a katana. But that really only became a major part of her overall style after Uncanny X-Men #256 where Betsy Braddock (Psylocke’s civilian name) underwent a mind swap with a Japanese woman named Kwannon that would forever change both women’s lives.

The swap left Betsy and Kwannon with a blend of one another’s respective telekinetic and telepathic abilities, but it also had the strange side effect of altering their genetic structures and appearances. For Betsy, a white woman, this meant that, at least physically, she was effectively “transformed” into a Japanese woman, a transformation that would become permanent when Kwannon (still in Betsy’s original body) subsequently died.

The transformed Psylocke in one of her first battles with Wolverine in Uncanny X-Men #257. (Image: Jim Lee, Josef Rubenstein, Glynis Oliver, Marvel)

Origins such as Psylocke’s aren’t exactly out of the ordinary for Marvel’s X-Men comics where body swaps happen all the time, but over the years, the optics of Betsy being presented as a “Japanese warrior woman” have aged beyond poorly.

The final issue of Marvel’s Hunt For Wolverine: Mystery in Madripoor (out this week from writer Jim Zub and illustrators Thony Silas, Leonard Kirk, Felipe Sobreiro and Andrew Crossley) touches on the complexities of Psylocke’s identity in a way that you seldom see in comics. But the direction Psylocke seems to be heading in might not actually be the progressive course-correction it seems to be on the surface.

Psylocke creating her new Caucasian body. (Image: Thony Silas, Leonard Kirk, Felipe Sobreiro and Andrew Crossley, Marvel)

Mystery in Madripoor develops as Kitty Pryde leads a team of X-Men on a risky mission to the lawless island where they hope to find and interrogate Magneto to find out what, if any, role he played in the disappearance of Wolverine’s corpse. Ultimately, the team comes face to face with a group of villains led by Wolverine’s ex-wife Viper who have Magneto in their possession, prompting the X-Men to save their on-again, off-again nemesis.

During an intense battle with Sapphire Styx, an obscure mutant villain with the ability to drain life-force, Psylocke becomes trapped within a kind of psychic limbo where she reflects on her past as a superhero and the person she was before joining the X-Men.

Though she doesn’t initially acknowledge it, Psylocke turns her predicament into an opportunity to use her vast psychic powers to create a new Caucasian body for herself complete with a shock of lavender hair.

Psylocke fending off some psychic corpses. (Image: Thony Silas, Leonard Kirk, Felipe Sobreiro, and Andrew Crossley, Marvel)

It isn’t long before Psylocke’s back in the physical world duking it out in her new body, which the other X-Men are astonished to learn she is no longer Japanese.

As the comic comes to a close, Betsy pulls away from her comrades to take stock of just what she’s been through and, interestingly, it’s Jubilee — one of Marvel’s most well-known characters of Asian descent — who seeks her out to see how she’s coping.

From Betsy’s perspective, she’s finally her true self again and in control of her destiny. Unbeknownst to her though, yet another body resembling Betsy/Kwannon is alive and well back on Madripoor.

Narratively, Mystery in Madripoor reads a lot like a story from Chris Claremont’s X-Men run when Psylocke was originally introduced.

The ‘80s were a different time — a time when comics featuring white women turning into hyper-sexualised, racialised caricatures of women of colour were the kinds of books Marvel was more than comfortable putting out. Perhaps even more importantly, it was also a time when there weren’t nearly as many creators of colour in positions of power within the industry to address whether plot lines such as Psylocke’s were in bad taste.

Claremont intended for the Psylocke/Kwannon swap to be temporary, but his departure from the publisher in the early ‘90s led to the change sticking and becoming a key part of the way fans understood her.

The difficult thing about characters such as Psylocke, whose origins are steeped in the (sometimes problematic) cultural norms of the past, is that there’s no way to simply “undo” the things about them that read as offensive by today’s standards.

Fox sidestepped the issue entirely for X2: X-Men United by casting Mei Melançon (who is part Japanese) and X-Men: Apocalypse with Olivia Munn (who is part Chinese), and ignoring her Japanese origins — or any origins, really — but the historical record of Marvel’s comics makes that considerably harder to do.

Psylocke and Jubilee talking about what’s coming next. (Image: Thony Silas, Leonard Kirk, Felipe Sobreiro and Andrew Crossley, Marvel)

It’s tough to say just how one goes about telling future stories about Psylocke in an age where we all more or less agree that there’s still a need for better representation in comics and that people who aren’t Japanese shouldn’t pretend to be. But perhaps the answer lies with Kwannon and not Betsy.

We’ve spent years getting to know the white woman wearing Kwannon’s skin, all the while never really giving Kwannon herself a chance to become a fully-formed, three-dimensional person with agency of her own.

Perhaps other creators in future stories will take the time to develop such a thing, but as things stand we’re down one Asian-presenting character, and the way she’s seemingly being written out of Marvel’s X-Men titles is a far cry from being anything like the thoughtful, introspective send-off she deserves.


  • Fox sidestepped the issue entirely for X2: X-Men United by casting Mei Melançon

    Mei Melançon played Psylocke in X-Men – Last Stand, not X2.

  • I am missing the part where it’s racist to switch races in a world with flying aliens, magic and super powers.

      • The issue isn’t racism specifically, but it does paint a broader picture of cultural bias in Western comics. White-girl-becomes-a-Japanese-girl demonstrates that Western audiences being more readily able to identify with a character that shares a cultural background with them, as opposed to building a strong, relatable Japanese character from the ground up. One of these instances shows a respect for Japanese culture, where the other pushes the idea that being Japanese means nothing beyond the colour of your skin. So, maybe not directly racist… but certainly bias from a Western perspective, and not sympathetic with Japanese culture, or the necessity to develop characters with a Japanese heritage in Western comics.

        • Soooo… something they did 20 years ago, and they’re (at least on the surface) trying to undo now? If anything they’re trying to correct a problem with racist characters. And that’s assuming that you consider the character racist in the first place, rather than just an interesting idea poorly implemented.

  • So it’s better now that she’s white?

    Cos before being white in an asian body was racist?

    So one less asian character in the book is a good thing?

    • Literally, the conclusion of the article says that while having a white woman stop being forced to pass as an Asian woman is a positive, the fact that it diminishes overall Asian representation is NOT a good thing.

      • Yeah but that’s not what the rest of the article was saying. I think?

        Honestly the logic was kinda… look it’s a comic book. I always thought the main issue was the way she dressed, but most of their female characters are over the top in that way.

        • It’s more about its place in history than perceived in a vacuum, I think. Back then there were one and a thousand stories about white people appropriating Asian martial arts/wisdom/techniques and somehow excelling far beyond those Asians themselves (as opposed to, you know, allowing Asians to be the heroes of their own stories in their own settings). Under that light, Psylocke is particularly bad because she took /everything/ from an Asian superhero down to the very looks, all while being actually a white girl.

          • Man. That’s an awesome explanation. Thanks!

            Although… All they had to do was give her internal dialogue regretting what had happened.

  • You’re reading way too much in to it, and forgetting a lot of stuff, author. Besty was a white, British woman with purple hair before she got merged with kwannon. You’re seeing problems where there aren’t any due to your own biases.

  • “Psylocke is one of Marvel Comics’ most instantly-recognisable characters”
    Never even heard of her until today

  • If she’s trying to shapeshift back into her original appearance why does she have purple hair? Wasn’t she originally blond?

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