How To Choose Your D&D Character Class

How To Choose Your D&D Character Class

“What Dungeons and Dragons class should I play?” is the kind of question you could answer with a cursory quiz, but that would be a mistake. You owe it to yourself – and to your D&D dungeon master – to think holistically about character class, maybe the most important choice you’ll make in a D&D game.

This article has been updated since its original publication.

Picking the right class can mean the difference between a character you love and a character you cannot wait to bury in a pile of rocks. To have the best time playing D&D, we’ve made a guide to get you picking which class is right for you.

What is ‘Class’?

People have jobs, but adventurers have classes. Class defines an adventurer’s skillset: Wizards do magic, druids interface with nature, and barbarians hit things. Not a job or an area of study, classes are more like occupations or callings. A bard, for example, might not get paid to play music, but they weave magical music-playing into their life and ambitions.

Advancing in a class makes a player’s character more powerful and better able to affect change in the world. It broadens their skillset and better equips them to be heroes.

Consider What ‘Role’ You Want

Some players pick a class by flipping through the D&D Player’s Handbook until they find a picture they like. That’s fine, but you’ll have way more fun if you consider what role you want your hero to have first. Choosing a class before choosing your preferred role can lead to more “What would a typical barbarian do here?” moments than “How can I best express my character here?” moments.

Think about how you want to participate in a D&D game, the kinds of things you want your character to do or what you want their personality to be. Do you want to lay low until an opportunity presents itself? Are you constantly ingratiating yourself with people? Are you obsessive about growing stronger? Are you charismatic enough to collect a cult? How will you interact with your party and with the world your Dungeon Master presents you? This will obviously change on a case-by-case basis, yet it’s helpful to have some guiding principles in your head. For example, there are a lot of different kinds of wizards – innocent and bookish or megalomaniac and chaos-driven, for example – but also, characters of two classes can have the same role: A master tactician fighter and a master tactician wizard.

Here are a few options:

  • Selfless helper
  • Uncommonly resourceful
  • Loves to entertain strangers
  • On a quest to convert people
  • Kills on impulse

It might help to think about fictional characters you’ve liked from books, movies or other games. How did they navigate the world? What made them special, and how did they use that to advantage themselves or others? I’ve made a wizard based of Howl from Howl’s Moving Castle before – he was volatile and vain, but got the job done with style.

Read All Of Your Options

There are 12 basic classes in D&D: Barbarian, bard, cleric, druid, fighter, monk, paladin, ranger, rogue, sorcerer, warlock and wizard. Reading through all of their entries in the Player’s Handbook is the only way to make sure you won’t have buyer’s remorse. It will also help you figure out which qualities and abilities speak to you. Just do it. We know it’s a lot of pages.

Each class entry contains a lengthy introductory description of what each class is like, from the rage-filled barbarian to the divine acolyte clerics. Scanning those is a great first step for everyone, but especially for players who love role-playing. The descriptions are evocative and help dismantle commonly-held stereotypes about each class – for example, that fighters are always boring old knights.

Players who love combat might want to focus on the Player’s Handbook tables containing class features. Most classes offer branching specialisation options pretty early on that help define their combat styles. For example, if you’re between, say, a fighter and a monk, but you think that the monk’s monastic tradition “Way of the Four Elements” option is cooler than any of the fighter’s options for martial archetypes, you might go with a monk.

Think about Primary Abilities

Each class has a primary ability that’s either strength, charisma, wisdom, dexterity, constitution or intelligence. Matching a primary ability to the general role you want to play is a great way to guide your class choice. For example, if you decided that you want to be a social engineer, you might want to pick a character who has high charisma. That way, it will be way easier for you to accomplish your manipulations. If you decided that you want to be a sneak, look for a class with dexterity as the primary ability.

Below is a list of classes, organised by primary abilities alongside descriptions from the Player’s Handbook. Several classes appear in more than one category because they work will with any of two possible primary abilities.


Barbarian: “A fierce warrior of primitive background who can enter a battle rage.”

Fighter: “A master of martial combat, skilled with a variety of weapons and armour.”

Paladin: “A holy warrior bound to a sacred oath.”


Bard: “An inspiring magician whose power echoes the music of creation.”

Sorcerer: “A spellcaster who draws on inherent magic from a gift or bloodline.”

Paladin: “A holy warrior bound to a sacred oath.”

Warlock: “A wielder of magic that is derived from a bargain with an extraplanar entity.”


Cleric: “A priestly champion who wields divine magic in service of a higher power.”

Druid: “A priest of the Old Faith, wielding the powers of nature – moonlight and plant growth, fire and lightning – and adopting animal forms.”

Monk: “A master of martial arts, harnessing the power of the body in pursuit of physical and spiritual perfection.”

Ranger: “A warrior who uses martial prowess and nature magic to combat threats on the edges of civilisation.”


Monk: “A master of martial arts, harnessing the power of the body in pursuit of physical and spiritual perfection.”

Fighter: “A master of martial combat, skilled with a variety of weapons and armour.”

Rogue: “A scoundrel who uses stealth and trickery to overcome obstacles and enemies.”

Ranger: “A warrior who uses martial prowess and nature magic to combat threats on the edges of civilisation.”


Wizard: “A scholarly magic-user capable of manipulating the structures of reality.”

The first rule of D&D is that there are no hard-and-fast rules about D&D. If you want to play a monk who spent most of their time at the monastery translating archaic texts, give them high intelligence instead of dexterity or wisdom and see what happens. If you really like the warlock’s pact magic system and none of the wizard’s arcane traditions, then just ask your dungeon master what you can do. A lot of this stuff is meant as guiding principles, not mandates.

Take Stock

By now, you should know what role you want to play and what primary abilities you like, and have a good sense of what class can empower which playstyle. Now, let’s talk generally about each class.

Barbarians are for people who enjoy combat strategy and high-adrenaline fights. They rely on instinct, pick fights, and often put themselves in risky situations.

Bards are for people who love to role-play and enjoy talking their way out of problems. They’re a good class for natural-born storytellers who don’t play D&D for the combat.

Clerics are for people who love to have big goals and wield big weapons. They lean on D&D‘s religion system to explore mortality and strong incentives for or against killing.

Druids are for people who love animals; enjoy resourceful, magic-based solutions to complicated questions; and want to stand up for what they believe in.

Fighters are for players who enjoy experimenting with different combat styles and dealing a lot of damage. Fighters are diverse – they can wield all sorts of weapons and come from all sorts of backgrounds – so they’re great for players who want to carve out their own path and not great for players who easily fall into role-playing ruts.

Monks are for players who enjoy combining magic and physical strength, fighting only when it’s worth it, following cultural traditions, and coming up with full and involved backstories.

Paladins are for players who want to have a lot of HP and risk themselves to selflessly protect their allies. They’re good for people who want to role-play a crusader against evil and deal with questions of morality.

Rangers are for tactically-minded players who might enjoy role-playing loners, fighting from a distance, and using the game’s landscape to their advantage.

Rogues are for people who want to be the first to smell danger (that is, sense traps), steal things, fight using precision and planning rather than brute strength, and blur moral lines in role-play.

Sorcerers are for people who may want to act impulsively, wield enormous power, weave an intricate backstory, and customise their character’s personality based off a list of spells.

Warlocks are for players who enjoy learning about D&D‘s demons and interplanar beings, harbouring secrets, and wielding great power.

Wizards are for players who enjoy appearing intelligent (not necessarily being intelligent), piecing together repertoires of spells, and offering knowledge on a variety of topics.

Pick A Class Your Game Needs

If you still don’t know what to play, there’s no shame in asking fellow players what they’re playing. Maybe they need somebody to round out the party. If there isn’t anyone to absorb enemy damage, for example, you can take on that role by playing a cleric, but find a creative and personal way to make that character feel like yours.


  • You need to edit your article. You included Ranger in it. Ranger’s are worthless garbage. Every other class including wet paper towels will either out DPS or out Support them within 2 levels.

    • Pathfinder rangers are a different story. I rocked one that was min-maxed to the limit and could do in excess of 40d6 bow damage at level 15-16 from memory. Of course, if your DM is pretty strict on rule sets, you are probably right. Rangers are more fluffy than other DPS classes and suffer accordingly.

      • But pathfinder isn’t pure D&D, so it doesn’t hold water in the argument against Ranger.

    • I have to respectfully disagree with you.

      The level 6 Hunter Ranger (archery fighting style) in the group I run is doing pretty well:

      18 Dex
      +1 longbow

      2x attacks with +10 to hit. If they both hit, he’s doing 2d8+10, plus 2d6 (Hunter’s Mark) and 1d8 for Colossus Slayer. An average of 32 non-crit damage in one round isn’t too shabby. Quite a bit more than our fighter and barbarian (avg of 22-24 each).

      Sure, he’s using a first level spell, but what ranger ISN’T going to use Hunter’s Mark?

      Might not have much in the way of nova abilities, like Action Surge, but the consistent and reliable damage he puts out makes up for that IMO.

      Speaking of nova abilities, I’m pretty sure he’s picking up the Sharpshooter feat at level 8 (plus 3rd level ranger spells kick in at level 9)

        • Not sure if you mean +10 to hit or damage…

          To hit:
          +4 Dex
          Proficiency bonus +3
          Archery fighting style +2
          +1 longbow

          Damage (2 attacks):
          1d8+5 for each longbow attack, so 2d8+10 if both attacks hit (+1 longbow adds 1 damage on top of the +4 from Dex)

        • If you mean for the damage it’s +4 from dex, +1 from the bow, and multiplied by 2 for 2 attacks.

  • The correct question is “Barbarian, Bard or wild magic Sorcerer; which is the class for you?”.

    All other classes are for sweatys.

    • You might, if your rogue gets killed by a vengeful DM due to ceaselessly sparking intra-party conflict by stealing other characters’ stuff…

      One of our players did that.

        • Ha ha, yeah. He kept on saying that he was ‘only playing the character according to the character’s alignment (chaotic neutral)’ and that the character considered all things to be his and that the stealing wasn’t malicious.

  • Fairly shallow introduction to the classes. It’s important to consider the role of your character in and out of combat. Many classes/builds almost have no role outside of combat, and some can be built specifically for it.

    • The most important thing to consider is the type of campaign or one-off that your DM is running. The number one rule of role-playing games is to be adaptable so that everyone can have a fun time. No use playing your half-vampire barbarian in a campaign where the majority of people (including your fellow party members) are extremely prejudiced against the undead, as I found out to my chagrin. Also that time I played a centaur fighter in a naval campaign and was then promptly eaten by a shark… My DM found ways of letting me know that my character design, no matter how painstakingly researched and implemented, was not welcome.

  • If you’re going to republish these, could you at least make sure they’re up to date.

    Artificer is now an official D&D 5e character class and has been since last November.

      • Nope. Artificer is not. However:

        Read All Of Your Options
        There are 12 basic classes in D&D: Barbarian, bard, cleric, druid, fighter, monk, paladin, ranger, rogue, sorcerer, warlock and wizard.

        There are now thirteen classes. And if you’re Reading All of Your Options then you need to read about it too. the addition of Artificer means that limiting yourself to the PHB is no longer All of Your Options.

        This two year old article was republished without any edits to take account of new developments (or acknowledgement that it was a zombie article).

    • In case you hadn’t noticed there’s not much going on in the world due to the global lockdown.

      Be less of a dunce.

  • So they republish old content without bringing it up to date?

    Be less of an arse.

Show more comments

Comments are closed.

Log in to comment on this story!